Human Trafficking: 4 GH Girls Rescued From Bihar

The Shillong Times

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The Railway Protection Force (RPF) on Sunday rescued four teenage girls of Garo Hills while being trafficked to Muzaffarpur in Bihar. 
North Garo Hills Police has dispatched a women’s team to bring back the four girls to Meghalaya.
The police said illegal trafficking of men and women is a major problem as it continues unabated in Meghalaya.
According to the police, the four girls went missing soon after the New Year celebrations. An unidentified man from North Garo Hills lured the girls to come along with him to Muzaffarpur on the promise of giving them good jobs there with hefty salaries.
One of the parents filed an FIR with Mendipathar police station after receiving a call from his daughter that she was being taken to Muzaffarpur on the promise of a high salaried job.
After the FIR was filed, the police contacted a Church leader of North Garo Hills for help who, in turn, contacted Impulse NGO.
Subsequently, the Commissioner of Railway Protection Force (RPF) and IGP of Delhi Police for NE were contacted to launch a rescue mission.
The Impulse NGO also contacted NGOs and social welfare organisations in West Bengal and Bihar resulting in the rescue of the four girls.

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SC glare on Bengal child trafficking

The Telegraph

Supreme Court 

The Supreme Court on Thursday sought a response from all states and Union territories on measures to combat child trafficking, an issue that has pitted Bengal against the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR).

Observing that the future of the country depends on the character and destiny of children, a bench headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra expanded the scope of a special leave petition filed by the national child rights commission and stayed all related proceedings pending before Calcutta High Court.

This includes the high court order passed on August 29, 2017, restraining the national commission from interfering with the issue of child trafficking in Bengal as the state commission was already seized of the issue. “Trafficking of children… has a vital national concern and recognises no boundary. A right of a child in a society is sacred, for the future of the country depends upon the character and the destiny of the child, and the State has a great role in that regard,” the bench, also comprising Justices A.M. Khanwilkar and D.Y. Chandrachud, said in an order directing all states and Union territories to submit their responses.

“There shall be a stay on the impugned order and further proceedings before the high court of Calcutta…. Let the matter be listed on 22nd January, 2018. It shall be taken up at 2pm,” the Supreme Court ordered.

The apex court passed the direction after additional solicitor-general Tushar Mehta and NCPCR counsel Anindita Pujari assailed the Calcutta High Court order on the ground that it was contrary to the law as the national child rights panel was empowered to deal with trafficking in Bengal even if the state child protection commission was seized of the matter.

Mehta told the top court that there was nothing on record to show that the state commission had taken prior cognisance and that the trafficking of children as young as two or three years “is very grave and has acquired a pan-India nature. It has become a cross-border issue, which a state commission cannot address.”

Mehta cited Rule 17 of the NCPCR, which he said gave absolute power to the national commission to deal with any issue pertaining to violation of child rights, even if the matter was pending before a state commission.

He argued that Calcutta High Court had taken an erroneous view that Section 13 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, bars the jurisdiction of the national commission if any issue relating to child abuse or trafficking is being considered by a state panel.

The apex court said: “Be that as it may, the issue relates to trafficking of children. The submission of the learned additional solicitor-general is that in the state of West Bengal, there has been trafficking of orphans and the children are being sold. As the issue pertains to trafficking of children, which has a vital national concern and recognizes no boundary, we think it appropriate to entertain the special leave petition.”

It said it would also examine certain aspects of the protection of human rights as envisaged under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, as it would “include the dignity of the individual and in that compartment dignity of a child deserves to be covered”.

 

Kids among trafficked bonded labourers rescued from Jammu and Kashmir

Greater Kashmir

NCCEBL, a part of Socio-Legal Information Centre (SLIC), Human Rights Network (HRLN) New Delhi, in coordination with the district authorities, raided illegal brick kilns operating in Reasi and Samba districts and rescued illegally trafficked bonded labourers, said a statement.

Watch: Kids among trafficked bonded labourers rescued from Jammu and Kashmir

Kids among trafficked bonded labourers rescued from Jammu and Kashmir

A team of National Campaign Committee for Eradication of Bonded Labour (NCCEBL) has rescued bonded labourers, including kids, from Reasi and Samba districts of Jammu and Kashmir.

NCCEBL, a part of Socio-Legal Information Centre (SLIC), Human Rights Network (HRLN) New Delhi, in coordination with the district authorities, raided illegal brick kilns operating in Reasi and Samba districts and rescued illegally trafficked bonded labourers, said a statement.

“These bonded labourers were trafficked from Chhattisgarh by an agent who promised them work and later made them do forced work for contractors operating brick kilns in Anantnag District of Jammu & Kashmir,” it said.

The statement said that these labourers were made to work for 18 hours altogether without proper meals and any wages.

“Even small children were not spared and were made to do work at brick kiln at Bhagwati Brick Kiln in Reasi  and some of them contracted diseases due to lack of any basic amenity. Earlier many of them suffered chest related ailments as they couldn’t bear shivering cold in Kashmir,” it said.

The labourers, it said, were beaten to pulp by the goons of the agent and transported from Anantnag to Reasi and Samba districts after they protested.

“Many of the women bonded labourers were in family ways giving birth braving death as medical avenues were next to impossible and they had not a single penny to spend on themselves,” said the statement.

It added that their rehabilitation was a challenge due to lack of proper mechanisms in India to provide rehabilitation to rescued bonded laboureres.

“Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 does assure same but implementation remains a tough challenge,” it said.

Convener NCCEBL, Nirmal Gorana said: “Thousands of bonded labourers are still doing forced labour in Jammu & Kashmir and there is no mechanism in place for their repatriation and rehabilitation.”

“There is a need to bust this illegal trafficking racket of bonded labourers which includes women and to break this vicious cycle of trafficking and forced labour where agents on allurement of promising work carry these labourers from State to State,” he added.

Pertinently, the United Nations, in a recent report on slavery, highlighted the stark reality of 40 million slaves in India. 25 million among these include forced labour.

Bride-trafficking: Pradhans to keep track of Uttarakhand girls married in other states

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In a unique initiative to clamp down on bride trafficking from Uttarakhand, the state commission for women has roped in village pradhans who will keep track of girls from their respective areas married to men in other states. The pradhans will also submit a “well-being report” of the girls once in three months to the commission. In case the women go “missing”, the rights panel and police will reach out to her in-laws.

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The project has been launched in Uttarkashi whose Moori and Purola blocks see rampant bride trafficking.

Ramindri Mandrawal, secretary, Uttarakhand State Commission For Women, said, “There are some areas of Uttarakhand where daughters are sold by poor parents. In some cases, parents are fooled by traffickers who pose as matchmakers to get the girls married to men in other states. The women are then treated as commodities and slaves. Village pradhans will now keep an eye on this.”

Hundreds of young girls in northern India are lured or sold into involuntary marriage every year, according to a 2015 report published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The women are bartered at prices that vary depending on their age, beauty and virginity, and exploited under conditions that amounts to a modern form of slavery. The report cited findings of a study by NGO Shakti Vahini which said that victims were mostly from Uttarakhand, AssamWest BengalJharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.

In Uttarakhand, many cases of bride trafficking from the state have come to light in the recent past. Earlier in November, two men from Jammu and one from Nepal were arrested by Pithoragarh police’s anti-human trafficking cell along the Indo-Nepal border for allegedly trafficking a minor Nepalese girl on the pretext of marriage.

Uttarakhand shares a porous 263-km-long India-Nepal border in Pithoragarh and Champawat, and the commission has plans to ask pradhans from these districts as well to help curb bride trafficking.

Meanwhile, many pradhans from villages in Uttarkashi said they were willing to create awareness and “protect” girls from sham marriages. The more forthcoming ones among them said that they would use social media to stay connected to the girls.

Arvind Kumar, pradhan of Math village in Purola block, said, “Keeping tabs on newlyweds may sound awkward but it is only by taking joint responsibility that we can eliminate bad elements from society. The villages here are small and girls are few so it is easy to do this.”

 Another pradhan, Raji Devi from Dhundhi village in Dunda block, added, “Such combined community initiatives will deter traffickers as well as parents who sell their daughters. We will create WhatsApp groups to connect with girls married in other states.”
 Some anti-trafficking experts, however, cautioned that such crimes were highly organized and pradhans should be trained first.
 Anti-human trafficking activist Gyanendra Kumar said, “Bride trafficking is a heinous and organized crime and those trying to put curbs on it need to be trained. In many cases, parents themselves sell off their daughters with local people acting as spotters for them. This network needs to be broken first.”

 

70 हजार में बेच दी गई झारखंड की बेटी

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हरियाणा के पानीपत जिले के सींक गांव में बंधक बनाई गई गर्भवती किशोरी को लेकर झारखंड पुलिस और पानीपत की बाल कल्याण समिति (सीडब्ल्यूसी) भिड़ गई। बुधवार को झारखंड के जिला साहिबगंज की मिर्जा चौकी के एएसआइ सतानंद तिवारी, महिला पुलिसकर्मी मोएमुरू और किशोरी का भाई पानीपत पहुंचे। वे किशोरी को साथ ले लाने पर अड़ गए। वहीं, सीडब्ल्यूसी ने किशोरी को उनके साथ भेजने से इन्कार कर दिया। समिति ने दलील दी कि किशोरी गर्भवती है, ऐसे में यदि उसे झारखंड भेजा तो उसके बच्चे को खतरा हो सकता है। इस मामले को लेकर सीडब्ल्यूसी बृहस्पतिवार को डीसी के साथ बैठक करेगी।

क्या है मामला

साहिबगंज के गांव पैरागौडा की किशोरी को उसके कथित पति महेश्वर ने सींक गांव के अनिल के हाथों 70 हजार रुपए में बेच दिया था। किशोरी ने फोन कर इसकी जानकारी अपने भाई को दी। भाई ने झारखंड की एनजीओ के जरिए दिल्ली के नेशनल कैंपेन कमिटी के कन्वेनर निर्मल गोराना से संपर्क किया। किशोरी को निर्मल का मोबाइल फोन नंबर दिया गया। इसके बाद ख्क् दिसंबर को निर्मल गोराना ने स्थानीय प्रशासन के साथ मिलकर उसे सींक गांव से मुक्त कराया। तभी से वह सौंधापुर के अनाथालय में है।

अनाथालय में रह रही है युवती

इधर, बुधवार को किशोरी का भाई पुलिस के साथ पानीपत बाल अनाथालय पहुंचा। अनाथालय संचालक अमरजीत सिंह नरवाल ने उन्हें बाल कल्याण समिति के कार्यालय भेज दिया। समिति की प्रधान सुमन सूद ने उन्हें बताया कि इस मामले में डीसी के साथ बैठक करके विचार- विमर्श किया जाएगा। वहीं, एएसआइ सतानंद का कहना है कि क्म् जुलाई को महेश्वर के खिलाफ किशोरी के अपहरण का मामला मिर्जा चौकी में दर्ज किया गया था। वे किशोरी को साथ ले जाएंगे।

झारखंड के बच्चों से दिल्ली में चोरी करवा रहा था तस्कर गिरोह, तीन दबोचे

स्लग: शादी समारोह से चोरी कर लौट रहे तीन बच्चे निहाल विहार इलाके में पकड़ाए, चोरी के महंगे मोबाइल बरामद – पूछताछ में बच्चों ने साहिबगंज निवासी बताया, कहा- नौकरी का झांसा देकर लाए थे दिल्ली

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दिल्ली पुलिस ने एक ऐसे मानव तस्कर गिरोह को पकड़ा है, जो झारखंड के बच्चों को नौकरी दिलाने के नाम पर दिल्ली ले जाकर चोरी करवाता था। 10- 11 साल के इन बच्चों से गिरोह के मेंबर्स मॉल, बाजार, दुकानों व शादी समारोहों में चोरी करवाते थे। शादी समारोह से चोरी कर लौट रहे ऐसे ही तीन बच्चों को पुलिस ने निहाल विहार इलाके में चेकिंग के दौरान पकड़ लिया। पुलिस ने इनके पास से चोरी के महंगे मोबाइल फोन भी बरामद किए हैं। कीर्ति नगर थाने की पुलिस ने पूछताछ की तो पता चला मानव तस्कर सभी को झारखंड के साहिबगंज जिले से नौकरी दिलाने के नाम पर लाकर चोरी करवा रहा है। बच्चों के बयान पर पुलिस ने मानव तस्कर गिरोह के तीन बदमाशों को दबोचा.

लंबे समय से चल रहा था गिरोह

मिली जानकारी के मुताबिक, ये गैंग काफी लंबे समय से इलाके में एक्टिव था। बच्चों को झारखंड से 30 हजार रुपए की नौकरी दिलाने के बहाने दिल्ली लेकर आए थे। गैंग के ऊपर चोरी के चार मामले दर्ज हैं। इस गैंग ने इससे पहले भी कितने परिवारों से इसी तरह से बच्चे लाकर अपराध करवाए हैं। पुलिस ने बच्चों की काउंसिलिंग भी करवाई है, जिसमे उन्होंने बताया कि सभी को झारखंड से लाया गया है.

.बॉक्स

पहले भी पकड़े जा चुके हैं कई मानव तस्कर

दिल्ली पुलिस की क्राइम ब्रांच ने लड़कियों को बेचने वाले गिरोह में शामिल पति- पत्‍‌नी सहित तीन लोगों को गिरफ्तार किया था। ये झारखंड व बिहार से गरीब लड़कियों को बहला- फुसलाकर नशीला पदार्थ खिला देते थे और उत्तर प्रदेश तथा हरियाणा में ले जाकर बेच देते थे। ये गिरोह उन लोगों को लड़कियां बेचते थे, जिनकी शादी नहीं हो पाती थी। गिरोह के सरगना अरविंद और उसकी पत्‍‌नी ने पुलिस को बताया था कि गिरोह अब तक सात लड़कियों का सौदा कर चुका है। गौरतलब हो कि बसिया पुलिस ने नौ माह पूर्व एक नाबालिग बच्ची को दिल्ली में बेचने के आरोप में तीन महिला मानव तस्करों बसंती देवा ग्राम पंथा, शोभा कुमारी ग्राम पतुरा लोंगा दोनों थाना बसिया जिला गुमला व रांची की पूजा देवी को जेल भेज दिया है। इसी कड़ी में पुलिस ने एक ऐसे गिरोह को भी दबोचा, जिसमें अभियुक्त बच्चों का अपहरण कर देश- विदेश में बेचने का काम करते हैं।

वर्जन

राज्य सरकार चाइल्ड ट्रैफिकिंग को लेकर प्रचार- प्रसार कर रही है और इसकी रोकथाम को लेकर बाल संरक्षण आयोग का गठन कर अपनी पीठ भी थपथपा रही है। लेकिन, सरकार की लाख कोशिशों के बावजूद कुछ ट्रैफिकिंग गिरोह अभी भी सक्रिय हैं.

Bihar’s child bazaar: 2,000 kids trafficked annually

The Asian Age

Once the child is handed over to members of these gangs, which pose as placement agencies, there is no end to their exploitation.
Victims of trafficking being brought back from other states to Bihar by NGO activists.

Victims of trafficking being brought back from other states to Bihar by NGO activists.

There has been a steady increase in cases of child trafficking in Bihar, a fact accepted by the Nitish Kumar government which has launched a special drive to combat the menace which is suspected to be impacting 2,000 children every year.

Activists who have been fighting against trafficking claim that victims, including girls under the age of 18, from poor families are being pushed into slavery, prostitution and surrogacy by agents who manage to mislead poor parents with their lucrative offers of getting their children good jobs.

Once the child is handed over to members of these gangs, which pose as placement agencies, there is no end to their exploitation.

Government sources said that directions for a focussed drive against child trafficking came after activists involved in rescue operations demanded immediate action to stop the surge in such cases.

Statistics cited by Human Liberty Network — a social group involved in rescue and rehabilitation work — showed that 2,000 children disappear from the state every year.

In April, senior BJP leader Nand Kishore Yadav, who was then in Opposition, had raised a question in the state Assembly claiming that over 572 children had gone missing from various locations in Patna district in last one year.

However, not all missMr Yadav, who is now a senior minister in Nitish Kumar’s Cabinet, had cited National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data to point out that cases related to human trafficking in Bihar had increased in past few years.

“After I raised the issue in the state Assembly, several persons who have been involved in the racket were arrested, most of them were from Uttar Pradesh,” he said.

NCRB data shows that in 2015, 332 cases of child trafficking were registered in Bihar, the third highest in the country. Assam registered 1,317 cases and West Bengal had 1,119 cases.

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Reports suggest that in 2017, around 160 persons involved in child trafficking were arrested by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) personnel on the Indo-Nepal border. Around 560 children were also rescued.

SSB personnel during their operation in 2016 had arrested 136 persons from border areas. These included 89 from Bihar and 47 from Nepal. Altogether 824 children, including girls, were rescued during this period.

According to an assessment, minor girls and women are the main targets of immoral trafficking in Bihar. Activists involved in combating child trafficking in the state recently claimed that 6,000 children from various parts of the country have been rescued in last couple of years.

“Areas surrounding Nepal border are highly sensitive. It is tough to rescue girls as they are often pushed into flesh trade by traffickers. We also found that underage boys were mostly sold to bangle and carpet factory owners outside the state and are forced into bonded labour,” activist Suresh Kumar told this newspaper.

Giving an account of an incident which occurred a few months ago, Mr Kumar said that a teenage girl from Patna was pushed into  prostitution by people who posed as placement agents.

“We later came to know that the girl was taken to Uttar Pradesh and probably pushed into prostitution. Despite all our efforts, we couldn’t trace the whereabouts of the girl,” Mr Kumar said.

In another incident, a 12-year-old girl from Nawada was sold to UP-based traffickers by her own maternal grandmother and aunt for `12,000. The girl was later rescued by a group called Tatwasi Samaj Nyas which also helped the police  arrest people who were behind the racket.

According to a recent report, a majority of victims are from Patna, Gaya, Nalanda, Nawada, East and West Champaran, Sitamarhi, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Madhepura, Supaul and Kishanganj.

Child rights organisations working to prevent such cases are of the view that the surge in immoral trafficking is also linked to pushing the victims into “forced surrogacy”, an emerging money spinner.

Earlier a group working against girl trafficking had rescued several victims out of whom four complained of being used as “surrogate mothers”.

Talking to this newspaper about the issue, an activist working with Human Liberty Network said, “Surrogacy racket is booming in the country. Young girls between the age of 17 and 20 are being pushed into the bearing children for others,” said the activist who helped rescue and rehabilitate nearly half a dozen such girls.

Rani Hong

Rani Hong

A Role model
Tronie Foundation CEO Rani Hong, a survivor of child trafficking, is a role model for all rescued children. She had earlier met Bihar government officials to launch a campaign against gangs who work as touts and exploit people, especially daily wage earners in rural areas and their children.

“I strongly believe that we need to stand up and if we can do that as a nation then we can drastically reduce, even prevent child trafficking. I want to work with the Government of India and launch a massive campaign against trafficking and slavery,” said Ms Hong.

Ms Hong was pushed into the slavery when she was just six years of age. She was kidnapped from Kerala and taken to Canada before being rescued. “I was tortured and treated like a slave and later abandoned as a destitue,” she said.

Ms Hong and her husband run special awareness drives in 20 countries, including India, through her US-based foundation. Till 2016, she served as special advisor, human trafficking, for the UN.