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Smt. Mamta Sharma, Chairperson, National Commission for Women believes that to combat human trafficking, several short-term and long-term measures are needed to be taken up at all levels. There is an urgent need to create awareness among the public about human trafficking. Media can play a very effective role here. Poverty alleviation measures too will help in combating it in the long run.
Smt. Sharma was giving an inaugural address. A National Seminar on “Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking in India “ was jointly organized by National Commission for Women and National Human Rights Commission today at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The Seminar was attended by senior govt officials, State Commissions for Women and representatives of NGOs.
Smt. Sharma also mentioned that National Commission for Women has entered into partnership with UNIFEM by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to jointly work on the issue of combating trafficking in women and girls.In the MOU it is proposed to combat this menace by addressing the problem at the source itself, from where the women are trafficked.. The project was initially taken up in 6 states to mobilize community action for stopping trafficking. One of the priority exercises would be mapping of the source area by way of studies and brainstorming /awareness through seminars. . Vulnerability, Mapping has been conducted in the States of Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh & West Bengal.
Shri. Rajiv Sharma, Secretary General, NHRC emphasized on drawing of a complete Action Plan. Smt. Charu Walikhanna , Member NC Smt. Anita Agnihotri W, deliberated upon the seriousness of the issue and cited some case studies. NCW Member Secretary , welcomed the participants and emphasized on the continued efforts to combat trafficking. Three panel discussions were also held on the issues – human trafficking-vulnerability Mapping, Dealing with Human Trafficking: Legal Framework, Programmes/schemes for Empowerment of Trafficked Victims and integrated plan of Action to combat Human Trafficking .
The eminent speakers who spoke in various technical sessions were Shri Sankar Sen, Prof. Mondira Dutta , Shri Ravi Kant of SHAKTI VAHINI , Smt. Indrani Sinha of Saanlaap , Ms. Rosanna Lyngdoh – IMPULSE, Shri P.M. Nair, Ms Roma Debabrata -STOP , Dr. Praveen Kumar of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Dr. Savita Bakhry of National Human Rights Commission , Dr. Sunita Krishnan .
Some of the important observations and recommendations of the Seminar are as follows :-
- Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims with Special Focus on Child Victims
- Witness Protection and Support to Victims
- Training, Sensitization, Education and Awareness
- Need of convergence with various stakeholders.
- Linking the source to destination- the need for Inter-State investigation.
- Need for a National nodal agency
- An important observation is that the age of victim is coming down.
- Trafficking has become a high profit and low risk venture with enormous earnings for the traffickers and brothel- keepers
Trafficking of human beings does not get that much attention as that of drugs and arms. Information is lacking at different stakeholders level; there are no policies available to provide that information. Hence need for more awareness and sensitization.·It is non-consensual nature of trafficking which distinguishes it from other form of migration.Regional initiatives are required to establish a central database and regional seminars at vulnerable areas to assess the nature of the problem.Finalizing the Draft Integrated Plan of Action
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